Chambers of Hetman Mykola Potocki - De Luxe
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Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (1751–1805)
Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki was a member of szlachta, the government and military leader of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russian Empire, magnate, philanthropist. Pretender to the crown of Poland.
Owner of Tulchyn, Stanislaw Szczesny (his second name literally means “happy”, historiography also gives his name as Stanislaw Feliks Potocki, Stanislaw Feliks Szczesny Potocki, etc.) was one of the richest people in the region.
He was son of Kyiv Voivode Franciszek Salezy Potocki and Anna Elzhbeta Potocka, the only heir to estates. He was born and spent his youth in his father’s estate, a magnificent castle in Krystynopol of Belz Voivodeship (currently the Region of Lviv).
1785–1791. Voivode of Ruthenian Voivodeship.
1792. Great Lieutenant General of the Crown, Marshal of the Targowica Confederation.
1797–1798. Starosta of Belz, Zvenuhorod, Sokal, Haisyn.
General of the Russian Army.
He spoke and wrote French, Polish, Russian.
He was married three times. He entered into marriage with his last wife Zofia Witte on April 17, 1798, and then the family settled in Uman. A large park was laid out there, named Sofiivka in honour of Zofia. The couple had eight children.
Potocki maintained his own army that consisted of Cossacks and czynsz szlachta. His lands provided quarters for Ukrainian Podillia Division units.
He maintained the court Cossack militia regiment in Uman.
He belonged to a masonic lodge.
He cancelled panshchyna on his lands and introduced czynsz (type of tax) instead.
He rather heavily took information about his wife’s adultery with his elder son.
He died on 14 March 1805. He was buried in Tulchyn.