Chambers of Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky - Exclusive
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Bohdan (Zynoviy Bohdan) Mykhailovych Khmelnytsky
Born on December 27, 1595 (January 6, 1596), died on July 27 (August 6 New Style), 1657.
Ukrainian military, political and government leader. Hetman of the Zaporizhian
Host, head of the Hetmanate (1648–1657). Leader of Khmelnytsky Uprising, a rebellion against abusive actions of crown nobility in Ukraine that later developed into general liberation war led by the Cossacks against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- 1620: He joined the Registered Cossacks and saved Prince W?adys?aw during one of the fights near Moscow gaining his subsequent benevolence.
- 1620–1621: While participating in the Polish-Ottoman War, both father and son Khmelnytskys were taken captive by the Ottomans during the Battle of Cecora.
- 1622: Khmelnytsky escaped from captivity, returned home and joined Cossack military service at Chyhyryn Regiment.
- 1625: Bohdan married Anna Somko, sister of his old friend Yakym Somko, the Pereiaslav Cossack, soon-to-be hetman.
- 1620–1629: He starts active participation in Cossack’s marine campaigns against Ottoman cities (the turning point of this period was in 1629, when Cossacks managed to occupy outskirts of Constantinople).
- 1633: While in the service of the Great Crown Hetman Stanis?aw Koniecpolski, he received quarters in Brody.
- 1637: Khmelnytsky came to be among the highest Cossack ranks. He took part in the uprising against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and due to his being a military scribe signed the capitulation agreement near Borovytsia on December 24, 1637.
- 1638: Khmelnytsky was a member of Cossacks mission to King W?adys?aw IV Vasa aimed at mutual understanding between the Zaporizhian Host and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- July 22,1646: Khmelnytsky approached King W?adys?aw IV who granted him privilege to own the Village of Subotiv.
- 1645–1646: Leading the Cossack detachment together with Ivan Sirko, he was actively involved in the war between France and Spain.
- 19 April 1648: The Cossack Council chose him Zaporizhian Hetman.
- 2 April 1648: He stood out for freedom of Ukraine.
- 1648: Victory in the Battle of Pyliavtsi.
- 1649: Victory in the Battle of Zboriv.
- 1652: Victory in the Battle of Batih.
- 1653: Victory in the Battle of Zhvanets.
- 1654: After Khmelnytsky’s arrival to Moscow, negotiations started concerning
reunion of Ukraine and Russia.
- 1656: Galicia campaign was the last one for the Hetman.
Bohdan Khmelnytsky was married three times and had two sons ans four daughters (according to some data, seven children).
He was the first of the Cossack leaders to officially receive the title of the Hetman. In the course of the National Liberation War, Khmelnytsky was the first in the history of Ukrainian political thought to form the idea of creating an independent state. In March 1654, under conditions of complicated international situation, he entered into alliance agreement with Russian tzar.
During his time in power, Bohdan Khmelnytsky implemented efficient tax system, planned to arrange issuing own currency, established and maintained diplomatic relations with many European countries, including Poland,Turkey,
Moldova, Austria, Sweden, Venice, Transylvania, which recognised Ukraine as subject of the international law.
Throughout his time in power, Bohdan Khmelnytsky pursued flexible social policy to prevent aggravation of social and economical conflicts in society.