Chambers of Don Cossacks - 5-bed economy
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Don Cossacks (Dontsi, the Don Cossack Host) were the Cossack community (including those of Ukrainian origin) set on the Don River from 15th to 17th century.
Historic area where Don Cossacks lived was also known as the Great Don Host. Part of the Cossacks, same as some researches, point out Don Cossacks as a separate Eastern-Slavic nationality.
The Rus colony Bila Vezha and then brodnyky were the heralds of Cossack era on Don.
In 1549 complaints of Tatar Prince Yusup and and answer of Ivan IV were sent. The Tatar prince complained about Cossacks’ abuse, while the Tzar answered that they were beyond his authority. Yousup said in one of his complaints: “Sevriuk Cossacks that dwell on Don”, while in another one he mentioned that some “wilful persons” built their “settlements” on Don and used to attack ambassadors.
The Main Don Host (1570–1671) was a military and state formation in the territories of the Don Region defined by the charter of Ivan the Terrible dated January 3, 1570. However, the Main Don Host remained an independent formation. Before recognition by Moscow Tzar, Don Cossacks had their officers and centre in Razdorska. Moscow Tzar’s charter turned to be important political step, as opposed to Cossacks’ relationship with king of Poland, that connected the Don Region with the Muscovy. Moscow Tzar’s charter marked the beginning of the restraint of the Don Cossacks and the reorganisation of liberties into controlled freedoms within military structure. Otaman settlements: the Village of Rozdory (1500s–1622), the Village of Monastyrskyi Horodok (1622–1637), the City of Azov (1637–1642), the Village of Makhyn Ostriv (1642–1645), the Town of Cherkask (1645–1806), the City of Novocherkassk (1806–1920).
In 1671 the Main Don Host swore allegiance to Moscow Tzar and Muscovy, thus losing independence. After taking the oath, they started to be named Don Cossack Host.
In 1584, Don Host swore allegiance to Tzar Fyodor I Ivanovich. In 1612–1615, the host transferred from Razriadny Prikaz to Posolsky Prikaz and swore allegiance to Mikhail Fyodorovich Romanov.
In 1700, by order of Peter I, procedure of gathering for military command was changed. From then on only village otamans had to attend the gathering. Until 1716, the Russian Empire maintained relations with the Don Host region through Posolsky Prikaz, same as with all other independent states.
The Don Host fell under control of the Governing Senate in 1716 and under control of the War Collegium in 1721.