Chambers of Danubian Cossacks - 5-bed economy
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Danubian Sich or Zadunaiska Sich was a military state organisation of former Zaporizhian Cossacks that was established in the lower course of Danube after destruction of Nova Sich by imperial troops and liquidation of Zaporizhian Host in June 1775. At first, the Cossacks settled on the left bank, then Ottoman administration resettled them to the right one.
Transdanubian Cossacks kept up traditions and order of Zaporizhzhia. The highest authority belonged to military council that elected kosh officers (starshynas): kosh otaman, military judge, scribe, and osaul. There was also tovmach-drahoman (translator and interpreter) among the members of the kosh officers. The military council was open for Cossacks to participate. The Cossacks practised fishing, hunting, cattle farming and agriculture. The Sich had its own school and library to keep spiritual and historical literature. Villagers and Cossacks from Ukraine often escaped to the Transdanubian Sich to save themselves from strengthening of national and social oppression.
The Cossacks were obliged to serve as frontier guards, take part in Ottoman punitive campaigns against Bulgarians, Serbians (1815–1816), Greeks (1821), Romanians (1821–1822) who fought for their independence. Without wishing to make peace with it, some Cossacks moved to Kuban and joined the Black Sea Cossack Host.
At the beginning of the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–1829, Istanbul ordered
Transdanubians to confront Russia. On May 18, 1828–1829, 1,500 Cossacks lead by Kosh Otaman Yosyp Hladkyi seized executive office and treasury and sided with Russian army near Izmail.
Due to Hladkyi’s treason, Ottoman government brutally punished the Danubians.
About 2 thousand Cossacks together with Acting Hetman I. Balan were arrested, imprisoned and killed, while Sich’s fortifications and church were destroyed and burnt.
After the end of the war, imperial government settled Cossacks at Azov seaside and created Azov Cossack Host on their basis. However, many Cossacks decided not to put on Russian yoke and were settled in Banat and Vojvodina as well as stayed in Danube Delta and populated cities of Gala?i, Izmail, Vylkove, Kiliya, Tulcea afterwards.
The remnants of the Transdanubian Cossacks formed military detachments on the side of the Allies during the Crimean War. In October 1853, Mykhailo Chaikovsky managed to secure official creation of regular Cossack units within the Ottoman army. On January 23, 1854, Danubian Cossacks took the military oath.
Zaporizhian Sich banner was brought from Constantinople, while Sadyk Pasha (Mykhailo Chaikovsky’s name in Ottoman Empire) received the title of “mirian pasha” (kosh otaman) from the Sultan. The Cossack units were disbanded after the end of the war.