Chambers of sotnyk Liubomysky - De Luxe
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A position in Cossack Hetmanate and Sloboda Ukraine (17th–18th centuries)
Sotnyk was a person in charge of military and administrative unit (sotnia) in Cossack Hetmanate and Sloboda Ukraine from the second half of 17th to 18th century. It was an elective position during the 1648–1657 National Liberation War lead by Bohdan Khmelnytsky: sotnyk was elected at Cossack sotnia council and approved by regiment council or general officer council. Since 1687, the position started to be appointed by a colonel or a hetman, and in 1734–1750 by the General Executive Office. In Sloboda Ukraine it was assigned by Tzar’s government of local Moscow administration.
After liquidation of Hetmanate in 1764, it came to be appointed by the president of Collegium of Little Russia.
Sotnyk exercised military, administrative and judicial power in the territory of sotnia. He was in charge of sotnia officers (starshyna) including sotnia otaman (horodovyi), sotnia scribe, sotnia osaul, sotnia cornet. As a head of sotnia court, sotnyk used to hear civil and minor criminal cases.
In company (free) regiments as well as mercenary infantry and cavalry, sotnyks or captains of cavalry were leaders of military units (sotnias or companies) and performed only military duties. They were also senior officials among sotnia officers. Volunteer officers were considered of lower rank than Cossack officers.
Volunteer regiment sotnyk was of lower rank than Cossack sotnyk and equal to a the military fellow carrying the badge.
Position of sotnyk was cancelled in Sloboda Ukraine in 1765, and in Left-bank
Ukraine in 1781. According to the Table of Ranks of the Russian Empire, sotnyks were equal to class XII and received military rank of lieutenant or civil rank of province secretary. If sotnyk did not participate in military campaigns, his rank could be one level lower.
In Right-bank Ukraine that was under the rule of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth,
hetmanate army was cancelled in 1711, after Hetmanate’s defeat in war against Russia and emigration of Ivan Mazepa’s government to Moldova. However, attempts were made there in order to revive regiment and sotnia administration during Hetman Pylyp Orlyk’s campaigns.